Friday, July 7, 2017

'Gonorrhoea 'on the rise of oral sex , new drugs need 'World Health Organization has said

           Oral sex is producing dangerous gonorrhoea and a decline in condom use is helping it to spread, the World Health Organization has said.

The World Health Organization analysed data from 77 countries which showed gonorrhoea resistance to antibiotics was widespread.

The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart. Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them," said Dr Teodora Wi, Medical Officer, Human Reproduction, at WHO.

warns that if someone contracts gonorrhoea, it is now much harder to treat, and in some cases impossible.

The sexually transmitted infection is rapidly developing resistance to antibiotics.

Experts said the situation was "fairly grim" with few new drugs on the horizon.

About 78 million people pick up the STI each year and it can cause infertility.
Worryingly, the vast majority of gonorrhoea infections are in poor countries where resistance is harder to detect.
"These cases may just be the tip of the iceberg," she added.

oral sex is when you stimulate your partner's genitals with your mouth, lips or tongue. This could involve sucking or licking their penis (also called fellatio), vagina, vulva or clitoris (cunnilingus), or anus (anilingus).

Is it common to have oral sex?

Many people have oral sex before or instead of sexual intercourse.
If you're going to have oral sex with your partner, try different techniques until you find out what you both enjoy.
Get more tips on  how to have a healthy sex life.

Is oral sex safe?

There's no risk of getting pregnant through oral sex. However, you can catch or pass on some sexually transmitted infections (STLs) by having oral sex.
The most common STDs that can be passed on through oral sex include:
  • Other STIs that are passed on less commonly through oral sex include:
  • chlamydia
  • HIV
  • hepatitis A
  • hepatiti B
  • hepatitis C
  • genital warts
  • pubic lice
  • The risk is generally higher if you give rather than receive oral sex. This is because you're more likely to be exposed to genital fluids.
The risk is also higher if you have cuts, sores or ulcers in your mouth. Avoid brushing your teeth or using dental floss shortly before giving oral sex as this could cause your gums to bleed. If you want to freshen your mouth first, you could try mouthwash or mints.
If you think you may have an STI, see your GP or go to your nearest sexual health or genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic.
Find your nearest sexual health service 

How can I make oral sex safer?

For oral sex on a man, use a condom  to reduce your risk of getting an STI. If you don't like the taste of regular condoms, try a flavoured one.
For oral sex on a woman, or when performing anilingus, use a dam. This is a small, thin square of latex or plastic that acts as a barrier between the vagina or anus and the mouth, preventing the spread of STIs.
Dams are available at some sexual health clinics, online, or pharmacies may order them for you.
sources are WHO -  BBC

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